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Baja Spurge

Euphorbia xantii

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Baja Spurge (Euphorbia xantii) at Roger's Gardens

Baja Spurge flowers

Baja Spurge flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Baja Spurge (Euphorbia xantii) at Roger's Gardens

Baja Spurge in bloom

Baja Spurge in bloom

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  5 feet

Spread:  10 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  9a

Other Names:  Euphorbia gymnoclada, Aklema xanti

Description:

A fast growing, openly branched shrub with thin gray-green stems bearing small leaves that appear just after the flowers, then often drop off in the high temperatures of summer; fragrant, pink flushed white flower clusters appear mid-winter

Ornamental Features

Baja Spurge features showy clusters of fragrant white star-shaped flowers with pink overtones and brick red eyes at the ends of the branches from mid winter to late spring before the leaves. It has green foliage. The small succulent pointy leaves remain green throughout the winter. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Baja Spurge is an open multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance shrub, and should only be pruned after flowering to avoid removing any of the current season's flowers. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Suckering
  • Self-Seeding

Baja Spurge is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Mass Planting
  • Rock/Alpine Gardens
  • General Garden Use
  • Naturalizing And Woodland Gardens
  • Container Planting

Planting & Growing

Baja Spurge will grow to be about 5 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 10 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 30 years. As this plant tends to go dormant in summer, it is best interplanted with late-season bloomers to hide the dying foliage.

This shrub does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers dry to average moisture levels with very well-drained soil, and will often die in standing water. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil pH, but grows best in sandy soils. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America, and parts of it are known to be toxic to humans and animals, so care should be exercised in planting it around children and pets.

Baja Spurge makes a fine choice for the outdoor landscape, but it is also well-suited for use in outdoor pots and containers. With its upright habit of growth, it is best suited for use as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the center of the pot, surrounded by smaller plants and those that spill over the edges. It is even sizeable enough that it can be grown alone in a suitable container. Note that when grown in a container, it may not perform exactly as indicated on the tag - this is to be expected. Also note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Massing  Rock  Garden  Naturalizing  Container 
Applications
Flowers  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features